What to do in Phnom Penh??
Eating out in restaurants back in Ireland or any other western county can be pricey and sometimes only happens on special occasions. And when I talk about eating out I don’t mean a take away from Lennox’s or Four Star Pizza. I mean going to a restaurant, sitting down, having food, a few beers and catching up with friends. This is what Phnom Penh does best!
There are hundreds, if not thousands of restaurants in PP to choose from, some better than others and some hidden gems that are rarely talked about by the expat community in order to keep off the backpacker trail.
TripAdvisor is a great way to visit some of the top places to eat in a city, but sometimes it doesn’t have everything, or some of the establishments do not receive the recognition that they deserve. It is good to use TripAdvisor as a guide, but don’t take is as Gospel!
The following are some of my favourite places to eat in PP:
- Chat and Chew – No. 54, St.172, Phnom Penh
Owned by Sony and his wife, it is a nice small friendly place where you are always greeted with a smile, and if you’re luck you will get one of the two tables outside. The walls are decorated with various pictures of the Khmer culture, from Khmer boxing to the rural rice fields.
Chat and Chew is a local spot for most Expats in PP who have tried a lot of different eateries in the city. It’s breakfast options vary from omelettes, to muesli to a full English Breakfast, and my personal favourite, egg and soldiers!
Main courses are the main reason that the expat community keep coming to Chat and Chew. Burgers, pasta, pizza, salads and the Western Specialties such and Chicken Cordon Blue, Beef Wellington and BBQ Ribs are all top quality and ensure that you don’t leave hungry.
Its local Asian and Khmer Menu offer some cheaper alternatives to the Western menu. Nasi Goreng, Fried Rice/Noodles, Khmer curry, Amok, Chicken and cashew are all available. The unique taste from each dish will ensure that the next time you return you will want to taste something new and see it can beat your last order.
- The Irish Place – Street 110, No. 119, Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh’s equivalent to Cheers, the place where everyone knows your name. Ran by Pat Hurney from Dublin, Ireland, The Irish Place is the only TRUE Irish Bar in the city of Phnom Penh. The Irish Place is full of Expats who come for the cold beer, atmosphere and the FOOD!!
Best option to order on the menu is the Fish and Chips. If you manage to fish this serving you are doing very well for yourself! (a half portion option is available)
If you manage to wake up early, get yourself to The Irish Place for full Irish Breakfast, complete with tea and toast! This is by far the best breakfast in PP and luckily is still not too famous. But for sure the word will spread like wild fire!
The toasted sandwiches are the best in town, proper bread, proper cheese and peppered ham that is second to none!
The Irish Place also offers accommodation upstairs so be sure to check it out!
- Katy Peri’s Pizza – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qc2IMxyLhAw
First of all this is a mobile wood fired pizza oven that makes the best pizzas in PP! Hands Down! It only opens after dark because the guys who work there have other jobs in the morning. After 11pm it can be found on the corner of St 51 and St 172 and it will stay there until about 4am or until they run out
So its location varies during the the week 5pm-10pm:
Thursday – Showbox
If I didn’t mention it already, this is the best pizza in PP! Small pizza’s start from $3 to $5 for a large! Words can’t justify the taste of this pizza. Just ask any person who lives in PP and they will tell you about it.
It is usually consumed at about 3am after Howies or Love Bar. If you are lucky, you will get a seat and a table to eat off of.
- Restaurant 18 – St 108 (Next to the Night Market)
This is a local Khmer beer garden style place where you can find all the local delicacies and free flowing Anchor! The menu is similar to a phone book and is full of pictures of the food that they have to offer. There is always a BBQ flaming in front of the restaurant, a fish tank that offers the freshest of fish and personal cook-it-yourself gas burners for soup or fried meats.
Some of the best dishes on the menu are the fried frog, mango salad, battered prawns and the whole fried fish.
With jugs of Anchor going for $2 a pop, it is a great place to meet with friends, chat, drink and eat before the night ahead
I’m starting to get hungry now so I’m going to stop!
Continuing on from a distribution project started back in Spring 2013, SCAO has adapted its distribution of materials to the poorer families in Som Roung Village. The project started off by distributing rice and fish sauce to families. Now we have had more donations of various different materials from all over the world.
Fifty of the more vulnerable families in Som Roung were invited to SCAO II on Sunday the 17th of August. At 8am as the volunteers started to organize the materials, the families started to gather around the school. It was organized that the families would receive clothing that was donated by various volunteers who had worked with SCAO previously. These items of clothing ranged from young infants to adult clothes in both men’s and women’s styles.
The clothing accompanied the main material bag that the families would receive.
This bag contained the following:
5 bars of soap
1 mosquito net
With the rainy season approaching within a month, these items will be essential to the families in the village. With the rising water, comes stagnant water and stagnant water is an ideal breathing ground for mosquitoes. Malaria is not a major concern in Cambodia, but Dengue Fever is. Dengue Fever cannot be treated and there is no medicine or vaccination you can take to prevent it. However, through the correct use of a mosquito net you can reduce the risk of a mosquito biting you or your family. Mosquito nets are a highly valued household item that is essential for a family living in rural Cambodia.
SCAO would like to thank the following for their generous donations that helped to make this project a success:
Rotary Club Phnom Penh in conjunction with other Rotary Clubs worldwide.
Jean and James Downey
CIA FIRST International School, Phnom Penh
This distribution project is something that we would like to keep running long into the future. If you would like to get involved or if you would like to donate items to SCAO please do not hesitate to contact us through email: email@example.com
In the end of June SCAO II hosted an Irish volunteer Kathy, a teacher with 9 years experience, who was very kind to provide two teacher’s training in both schools. As for new volunteers, as for Khmer assistants, fresh breath of new and slightly different vision of education was very productive and useful.
At the training Kathy and teachers were speaking about classroom management and classroom control, teacher and student position and lesson planning. Kathy was sharing her experience in Secondary school in Ireland, and how she sometimes manages trouble behavior and issues in the classroom. Although, she admitted that because of cultural difference and not similar background of the students, she wouldn’t use the same approach in Cambodia what she’d use in Ireland. She gave some good examples of type of situation where she would act very different with Irish and Cambodian student.
Kathy also pointed at importance of lesson planning, what was introduced in schools by previous Education Officer Natasha. Kathy highlighted that each lesson should have different type of activities so student’s won’t lose their attention, what especially important with the youngest ones.
In very informal and relaxed way Kathy and teachers were sharing their classroom stories and finish very satisfied about the meeting. Kathy also left her email address so anyone who faces not easy solving situation can write her and ask for advice. After visiting SCAO Kathy went for her vacation around Cambodia.
Have you ever been clothes shopping and saw a stunning new jacket for a bargain price of €60 and thought to yourself ‘I wonder how much the person who made this jacket gets paid?’ Realistically probably not, it may have dawned on you once or twice but it is only a brief thought. In Cambodia the wage for a garment factory worker is $95 a month. Yes, $95 USD a MONTH. The majority of these garment factory workers are female. With this monthly wage they have to support their families with food, shelter, healthcare and education. Could you do it?
Right now in Cambodia these garment workers are striking for better monthly wages. The people who make the clothes you wear are looking for a fairer wages. However, the current ruling government party, the Cambodian People’s Party, led by Hun Sen (61) has other ideas. Rallies by workers have been suppressed with batons, electric cattle prods, water cannons, rubber bullets and live ammunition. So far the death toll from these protests stands at four dead, 30 injured and 23 detained/kidnapped.
Adidas, American Eagle Outfitters, Debenhams, Esprit, H&M, New Look, Nike, Primark, Puma, Tesco and Under Armour are just some of the companies that sub-contract the factories that employ these exploited workers. The workers unions are looking for a wage increase to $160. The Ministry of Labour set the wage at $100 per month after protests on the 24th of December. Meeting this wage of $160 a month wouldn’t price the multinationals out of Cambodia. This wage is still competitive with China ($141) and the Philippines ($177). The problem, according to experts is not just the increase in monthly wage, but that this wage increase may lead to future expectations that are unsupportable. Part of the problem is that these workers unions are corrupt themselves. Union leaders are being treated to all expenses paid training workshops in Paris. The government pays off the union leaders instead of paying the workers. When the workers unions don’t do their job, the people take to the street.
According to the International Labour Organisation, Cambodia’s garment stitching is the country’s largest industrial sector. Employing 400,000 workers and accounting for $5 billion in annual exports, 35 percent of GDP. All these exported clothes make it to the retail stores in Europe and the US. Consumers are usually unaware of these protest situations because of minimal media coverage on these issues. Instead of hearing about an unarmed female food vendor being shot in the chest with an AK-47 in Cambodia, we are informed that Justin Bieber has been arrested for drunk driving. Where do Western priorities lie when it comes to important current affairs?
Cambodia has a devastating history. The US bombing of the country as part of the US-Vietnam War from 1969-1973, the American bombers dropped more bombs by tonnage into Cambodia, than all of the Allied Forces combined during World War II. The hyper-communist Khmer Rouge regime ultimately followed from 1975-1979. This extremely violent rule was led by the infamous Pol Pot who initiated Year Zero. The entire population was banished to the countryside to work in the rice farms. Any person that was in anyway educated or who worked for the government was executed. By 1979 nearly 2 million people had died from starvation, forced labour and killings.
The current Prime Minister, Hun Sen, was a Khmer Rouge battalion commander who defected to help lead an invading Vietnamese-installed government that ran Cambodia from 1979 until the late 1980s. Hun Sen has since controlled Cambodia for 28 years.
In recent times we have seen Middle Eastern leaders such as Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi and Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak deposed during the Arab Spring. When asked if he may fall similarly to the Arab Spring dictators in 2011, he strongly responded, “I not only weaken the opposition, I’m going to make them dead…and if anyone is strong enough to hold a demonstration, I will beat those dogs and put them in a cage.”
Just 12 hours before I sat down to write this article, violence erupted in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Riot police prevented demonstrators from entering Freedom Park, where they intended to protest against low wages and the continued detention of 23 people.
It is clear that the people of Cambodia are not happy with the current political climate, especially after a national election that was marred by extraordinary voting irregularities. The people continue to take to the streets looking for justice. Here, they are being met by the cold hard fist of the Cambodian government in the form of batons, electric cattle prods and in some cases, live bullets.
No one knows when blood will stop staining the streets of Phnom Penh. One thing is assured; it is the blood of the vulnerable members of Cambodian society, the people looking for fairer wages, whom make the clothes that we wear.
Building an Education and Community Centre in Rural Cambodia – http://www.scao-school.org
A lot of people in UCC do not even know this course exists, and a great majority of people do not even know what the course entails when I tell them. In fact when I tell them what I studied, I am usually met by a blank expressionless face. However since its establishment in 2005, this course has grown and developed in so many different ways. It attracts international recognition and interest from all over the world, from Asia to Africa and everywhere in-between. Graduates from this course are scattered all over the globe, in countries like Uganda, Myanmar, Cambodia and Mongolia, to name a few. It is a truly unique university course, and the first undergraduate course of its kind in Ireland.
I graduated from BSc International Development and Food Policy (IFDP) in UCC in 2012, and a passion to work overseas was something that grew within me during the four years of university. The course has a mandatory 6 month overseas work placement in a developing country in third year. My placement was in Kolkata, India. This was an amazing six months, and it is something that I will never forget. Being taken out of your comfort zone and dropped into one of the poorest cities in India is a real sink or swim moment. IFDP does not just educate you in the classroom through lectures, projects and assignments, it makes you think for yourself, develop your own ideas, plans and personally develop in ways that no other course does.
When I graduated in October 2012, I had to ask myself the same question that every other recent graduate asks, “What next?” There are a limited amount of answers to this question; do a Masters, get a job working in a shop or bar, look for a job in your field, emigrate, or go on the Dole. I on the other hand decided to look for alternatives to these options. I wanted something in my field of study and I wanted to go travelling. I found an Irish organization called SCOOP Foundation who was advertising for a volunteering position in rural Cambodia as the Development Officer for a small Cambodian NGO called SCAO. During the interview I was offered the position, and I decided to go for it, what other alternative did I have that was better than this? Looking back now, it was a life changing decision, and one of the best decisions I have ever made.
SCAO is a small organization that has only been established in the past five years. It runs two schools in rural areas just outside the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh. Combined the schools offer free English classes to over 500 children aged 4-22 years of age. The classes are thought by international volunteers who come from all over the world to work at SCAO. We also have computer classes in both schools with over 60 students learning how to use Word, PowerPoint, Excel, email and CV creation. Finally, our newest vocational training project is just a year old. The Hairdressing and Beautician Project already has 8 graduates, and currently 24 in partaking in the current class.
Since my arrival a year ago, we have made huge progress in community development in Som Roung village, where one of the SCAO schools are located. I designed a survey to find out what are the main struggles that face local families in the village every day. Three trends soon emerged from the survey; lack of access to clean water, lack of access to a toilet and lack of access to healthcare. So far we have implemented over 350 ceramic water filters into homes, thus giving over 1,500 men, women and children access to clean safe drinking water. We have constructed 11 toilets for some of the poorest families in the village and there are currently plans to construct more in the flood plains of the village. Finally we have developed an educational healthcare awareness program in the village that takes place every 3 months.
My next biggest project is by far the most difficult, but it is the one that will have the biggest impact. SCAO are currently funding for the construction for a new Education and Community Centre (ECC) in a rural village called Prey Ponror, located 25km northwest of Phnom Penh. This ECC will be as environmentally and financially sustainable as possible. The ECC will have solar panels on the roof to provide electricity for the school, a water harvesting system to reduce the use of water, and a school garden to provide vegetables for the school. Financially the ECC will be sustainable through the volunteers who come to stay and teach at the school.
The new ECC will run similar projects in Prey Ponror Village. In the school there will be free English classes for children of all ages and all levels of English. A computer room will be constructed and computer classes will take place on a daily basis.
The biggest obstacle to overcome in the construction of this school is the financial costs. SCAO has partner organisations that are going to be fundraising for the new ECC. However, this is just going to cover some of the costs. For the remaining costs we are looking to the international community to come together and to donate towards the construction of the school. www.scao-school.org is a website that is specially designed for the fundraising of the new ECC. On the website you can symbolically purchase items for the construction and furnishing of the ECC. People can purchase items from €2-€12,000 depending on their generosity. I would urge people to have a look at the website and to pass it on to their friends and family.
As SCAO is an organization that attracts volunteers of all ages and from all over the globe, volunteering offers an alternative summer to a J1 or inter-railing. If you are interested in volunteering for SCAO, check out www.savepoorchildreninasia.org
I said in my last post that I would try to write on here more often, but it has been a month since my last post, so ya, I didn’t keep that promise.
Well now I’ve been here over 11 months and there is still no end in sight. Life is good here. I have a nice apartment, two good jobs, making enough money to sustain a nice lifestyle and new prospects and projects popping up every week. If anyone reading this can give me a reason to come home, I’m listening! (And by the way I didn’t even mention the 30C weather here everyday, fresh tropical fruit and cheep beer)
So I have noticed a couple of changes here in SCAO and within Cambodia itself over the past few months. One thing that I have to get used to, and there is no way of changing this, is the constant turnover of volunteers. I have experienced this rotation of volunteers when I was in India. It is both a good and a bad thing. It is good because you get to meet a whole range of people from all over the world with all different personalities and stories behind them. You can strike up some really interesting conversations and discussions with people.However on the downside of things, with a constant change in people, it is hard to develop a strong friendship with someone who will be leaving in a couple of weeks. As I said, there is nothing I can do about this, but in SCAO at the moment we are lucky enough to have over a dozen long-term volunteers staying at the moment. This is really a great opportunity for SCAO to grow and develop internally. Our volunteer numbers have increased incredibly in the past 12 months. It really shows that SCAO is growing, which is a great reward for all the hard work we have all put in.
On the projects front:
After carrying out the Household Survey in Som Roung back in March, I found three areas that the local people struggled with on a daily basis;
1) Lack of access to clean drinking water
2) Lack of access to a toilet
3) Lack of access to healthcare
I set myself three goals and to help the people with these problems. I can look at the projects that I have implemented now and be very happy that I have made a difference through different projects. We have implemented 307 water filters into the Village and surrounding areas, giving over 1,500 people access to clean safe drinking water. We have built 11 toilets for the poorest families in the village and there are plans to implement more once the rainy season is over.
So now I have to look to the future and set myself some new goals. So here is what I have to achieve.
In colaboration with all of SCAO’s partner organisations we are building a 3rd SCAO school in Prey Ponror. So here is a bit of an insight into the village:
The location of SCAO’s 3rd School will be in the village of Prey Ponror located 25 kilometres northwest of Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. There are 16 villages in close proximity to Prey Ponror Village, and all of these are within cycling distance to the location of the new SCAO School. Walking through the village is a pleasant experience with large coconut and palm trees lining the fields, and children playing games in the dirt road of the village.
Many of the villagers make their living from farming rice, selling goods or construction work. The houses in the village are those of your typical rural Cambodian house. A wooden structure elevated upon for poles, this design helps prevent the house from floods and it is cooler to sleep in at night. The area under the house is used as a communal area during the day, everything from cooking, eating and drinking to homework and selling goods.
We village does not have a running water system and in order for a family to get water, they need to dig a water well. From here it is a simple rope and bucket job to retrieve the water. Some of the wealthier households have their own private toilet but most of the village just use the open land.
Giving the children of the village access to free English and computer classes gives them the boost that they need to develop forward, complete High school, reach University and achieve an improved livelihood. SCAO can help Prey Ponror and the surrounding villages to develop as a community through the implementation of water filters and establishment of sanitary latrine system.
So this school will be similar to the school that we have been running in Som Roung. We will provide English and computer classes to the people of the village for free. The school itself will be very environmentally friendly with solar panels, water harvesting system, school garden and composting.
We have been setting up a website that is nearly finished, to attract donors to sponsor the school and the materials that are needed to furnish the school. People will be able to donate $5 – $12,000 through the website. I will post a separate blog post once this website is live.
Educational Tablets in Som Roung:
It had been a dream of mine for a while to get computer tablets into the New School and start a new way of educating children. Thanks to Rebekka and her uncle, this is now becoming a reality. Within the next two weeks the school in Som Roung will have internet access, one 10″ teacher’s tablet and fifteen 7″ student tablets. With this new technology in the classroom we can access more educational resources than ever before. It is a really exciting time for SCAO at the moment and once the project is up and running I will inform all of you how it is running.
Presenting to the Phnom Penh Rotary Club:
I was honoured to be asked to present SCAO to the Phnom Penh Rotary Club on the 25th October. Myself and Vibol both did the presentation in front of a group of around 20 people. I was happy with the presentation and the way that we showed the work that SCAO has done for the communities that they work in and what we are planning to do in the future in the way of the 3rd SCAO school. I was completly in shock when they presented me with a Certificate of Appreciation for talking to them. It is something that I wont forget.
It’s been around two months now since I’ve updated this blog! I’ve been pretty busy so I just haven’t had the time to sit down and type something up. As I said I’ve been really busy, so this is what has been happening.
I’ve made the move from Som Roung into Phnom Penh. It is a lot different to the village but it is a nice change and it is certainly different. I’m living in a pretty central location in a 2 bedroom apartment with a nice balcony where I have set up my hammock!
The reason for this move is for financial reasons. If I want to stay in Cambodia and work with SCAO I need to start making some money. So as most Westerners in Cambodia I have taken up a position as a teacher. I am now working in CIA FIRST International School. I am teaching Grade 2 part-time, all the kids are between 6-10 years old. Their English is very good and the school is totally different to the school in Som Roung. The children in CIA all have iPad’s, iPhones and other gadgets that I could never afford. So I work from 8am until 11.30am so it is not too bad, the only bad thing is getting up early every morning. When I finish in CIA I usually go to Som Roung in the afternoon, this change is crazy. Going from CIA to Som Roung is something that I can’t really describe; you are going from rich kids in CIA to the poor children in Som Roung. There is one thing that I always say to people when they ask me about this difference, ‘Children are children, no matter how much money their families have’. Children are going to act like children all the time, and that’s the bottom line. I am not going to pass judgement on children because they come from a wealthy family.
So ya, since I’ve started working in CIA I have been up the walls. I have to adapt to this new job that I have never done before, lesson plans, and meeting curriculum standards. CIA is a great school with resources that are just amazing, 2 swimming pools, 3 computer labs, 2 basketball courts, fitness room and a great staff to work with. In the classroom we have a computer projector so this helps a lot when I am teaching.
After I finish teaching in CIA I usually head home, have some food and then nap for an hour. Having a nap is awesome! I really need it some days. After nap time I head out to SCAO to make sure that everything is running the way it should be. SCAO has been a very busy organisation in the past few weeks. We said goodbye to Julius, Lukas and Leyla who had been here for a year. They were very important in the running of SCAO and the two schools.
SCAO, has a huge project coming up in the future, and this is something that may see me staying here for another year or even more. A 3rd school!! This is huge for SCAO as well as myself. I am helping head the project, this includes putting together a project proposal, source funding, solar panels, design of the school, financial running of the school and finding local teachers to work in the school. So this is a major project for me to undertake and it is something that I really want to step up to and implement as best as I can!
There has also been some political violence here over the elections. This hasn’t affected me, luckily! But it is always something that we have to be vigilant about, and I have to keep an eye on the volunteers and ensure their safety!
I wanted to keep this post short and sweet but I want to try and put some more detailed posts up in the near future!
Depending on how busy I am!!
Back to the lesson plans for school in the morning!!
Healthcare month at SCAO was not something that was planned but it was something that just fell into place and ran very smoothly. It was the combination of Chris from Pacha Youth (USA) coming over for a two month period to help implement a healthcare project in Som Roung Village, and Ali and Ana from Estrellas-de-Camboya (Spain) who arrived with 200 toothbrushes and the skill to carry out eye-sight examinations. This combined with other projects that have been in the pipe-line, the month just fell together and every week there were two projects taking place.
Oral Health Education Classes- 1st – 5th July
These classes were carried out by Ali and Ana in the New School in Som Roung Village. They had brought over 200 toothbrushes and toothpaste from Dentaid from Spain. It is a common problem in Som Roung and all over Cambodia that children are eating too much junk food(crisps and sugar candy) and soft drinks loaded with sugar and chemicals (Samuri) It was agreed that Ali and Ana would give presentations to the older students and then work down to the younger students. The presentations were not given to the younger students because they would not be mature enough to grasp the concept of brushing your teeth three times a day.
The classes were carried out with the help of Vibol to ensure that all the students understood everything that was being explained to them. The main areas that were covered were.
1) Importance of brushing your teeth.
2) Basics of brushing your teeth and key points.
3) Theory of brushing your teeth.
The idea behind this project was to get the children into the habit of brushing their teeth on a daily basis.
There were 30 toothbrushes left over and these were distributed to people in the village.
Blood Samples- 8th July
As part of Chris’ research into the needs of the community he contacted 4 doctors in Phnom Penh to see if they could come out to Som Roung and take blood samples from 14 children. This was to test for various health related issues such as Vitamin A deficiency, diabetes, worms and protein deficiency. The project took three hours to complete and the blood samples were sent back to a lab in Phnom Penh to be analysed. The test results came back and indicated no immediate worries for the children, although some of the protein levels were below the level that they should have been.
Eye-sight Examinations- 9th July
It isn’t very common to see Cambodian people with glasses, and it is mainly down to a couple of factors. Firstly, people can not afford the glasses if they need them. Secondly, people may not know that something is wrong with them. Lastly, people may not know that there is a way of improving their eyesight.
Again Ali and Ana were heading this project with equipment and 60 eye glasses that were donated by Opti-Kas from Spain. The objective behind this project was to provide glasses to the children in the Centre that needed glasses, this would in turn help the children to read better in class and not fall behind because of their ability to see the board. All in all there were three children in the Centre that needed glasses. With 57 pairs of glasses remaining, Mr.Sameth spread the word around the community that surrounds the Centre. Soon there were a lot of older members of the community coming to get tested. Some were watchmakers, tailors, cooks, butchers or just interested in reading.
After finishing with the Centre and the neighbours, they took the glasses to Som Roung village where they continued with the eye examinations to the elder villagers, until they ran out of glasses.
Dental Visit to Cambodian World Family – 15th July
Through collaboration with Cambodian World Family, SCAO was able to organise a day for the Centre kids to travel out to their dental clinic and be seen by professional dentists. Here they received a general check up to see if there were any complications. Everything went well and none of the children had any problems. We are now in the process of bringing students from the Old School to CWF.
AIESEC Healthcare and Nutrition Workshops at the Old School – 17th July
AIESEC has always been working closely with SCAO by sending over volunteers to help out in English classes or in special projects. Here AIESEC sent several volunteers who are also medical students to the Old School to carry out workshops in the areas of healthcare and nutrition. There were some volunteers from China and Australia, but the majority of them were from Cambodia and studying in Phnom Penh. The workshops were carried out in Khmer to ensure that the workshops had the full impact that is needed.